Is Yahshua the Son of God or Is He Not?
Was “the Word” a second person of a so-called Trinity or was it, “the word?”
Jn 1:1 In the beginning was the Word*, and the Word* was with God, and the Word* was God.
#3056 logos; [from #3004 legw, to say, speak, teach, command, direct, call, name]; logos; KJV – word 218, saying 50, account 8, speech 8, Word (Messiah) 7, thing 5, not tr 2, misc 32, total 330; Definition: of speech, a word, uttered by a living voice, what someone has said, discourse, the act of speaking, speech, the faculty of speech, skill and practice in speaking, the thing spoken of or talked about.
In the Greek NT “logos” is found 330 times, only seven times is it translated “Word,” with a capital “w.” When the KJV translators put a capital “w” at the beginning of the word “word” did they automatically change its meaning? A capital letter added to a word does not automatically change its meaning.
What is more correct?
1] In the beginning was “the voice of God,” and “the voice of God” was with God, and “the voice of God” was God;
2] In the beginning was “the Son,” and “the Son” was with God, and “the Son” was God;
3] In the beginning was “Yahshua,” and “Yahshua” was with God, and “Yahshua” was God?
In order for numbers 2 or 3 to be correct we would have to say Yahshua, or the Son, was with himself or with another God, which would contradict both the Old Testament (OT) and the New Testament (NT), as well as disregard the true definition of the Greek word “logos.” Whereas in #1, God’s word or voice was with Him, this makes perfect sense. My word is with me, it is me and I am responsible for it. If I speak a word that is offensive, like threatening someone’s life, my word is not arrested, I am, although my word has to go to jail also because it is me. Did you ever hear these sayings: You’re only as good as your word; He’s a man of his word; Take him at his word? These and many other sayings point out that a man and his word are identical, indistinguishable and thus inseparable.
Yahweh said, “So shall my word be that goeth forth out of my mouth: it shall not return unto me void, but it shall accomplish that which I please” (Isa 55:11).
It has been stated for so long that John was telling us the word was the Son that we don’t even stop and look at the meaning of the “word.” Logos is not the second person of the Trinity like we have been told since the 4th century, it is Yahweh’s speech or commands, or His voice.
Ps 33:6 By the WORD of Yahweh were the heavens made; and all the host of them by the breath of his mouth. 9 For he spake, and it was done; he commanded, and it stood fast.
Ps 148:5 Let them praise the name of Yahweh: for he commanded, and they were created.
Heb 11:3 Through faith we understand that the worlds were framed by the WORD of God, so that things which are seen were not made of things which do appear.
2Pe 3:5 By the WORD of God the heavens were of old, and the earth standing out of the water and in the water:
Yahweh spoke and creation appeared. Hebrew scholars tell us the literal translation of Gen 1:3 is: God said, “Light be, light was.”
Ge 1:3 And God said, 6 and God said, 9 and God said, 11 and God said, 14 and God said, 20 and God said, 24 and God said, 26 and God said.
God said universe be, universe was.
Ro 4:17 God, who quickeneth the dead, and calleth (kaleo) those things which be not as though they were.
#2564 kaleo: to call aloud, utter in a loud voice.
Yahweh speaks, calls, or commands with His voice words that bring into being whatever His word so specifies, He said, “My word… shall accomplish that which I please” (Is 55:11). Things that do not yet exist but are predestined to be only await His word and then they are.
Look at how the early English translations dealt with this passage in John chapter one.
John Wycliffe’s New Testament (1380 C.E.), translated from the Latin Vulgate, not the Greek, in John 1:3-4 he uses the pronoun “him” for the “Word.”
William Tyndale (1526) based upon the Hebrew and Greek John 1:3-4 reads, “All things were made by it, and without it, was made nothing that was made. In it was life, and the life was the light of men.”
Miles Coverdale, (1535) again based on the Latin Vulgate in Jn. 1:1-3 the pronoun “him” is used.
Thomas Matthew (real name John Rogers, 1537) based on Tyndale and Coverdale, dubbed Matthew’s Bible, uses “it” in John 1:3-4.
Great Bible (1539), this was a revised edition of Matthew’s Bible prepared by Miles Coverdale, uses “it” instead of “him.” The Great Bible was the first English version to be authorized and was instructed to be placed in every church.
Geneva Bible (1560) John 1:3-4 reads “it” instead of “him.” For nearly a century it was the standard bible in most homes in England and the colonies and the first to have numbered verses.
Bishop’s Bible (1568) translated for it’s name sake has John 1:3-4 using “it,” not “him.”
Rheims New Testament (1582) Roman Catholic scholars version again based on the Vulgate in John 1:3-4 it uses “him”.
All future versions used “him” instead of “it”, starting with the next translation in 1611, authorized by King James. Notice only three versions here, up until 1611, use the pronoun “him.” All three were not translated from the Hebrew and Greek but from the Roman Catholic Latin text the Vulgate. In 382, Saint Jerome, who was secretary to Pope Damasus I, was requested by the pope to translate the scriptures into Latin. The rest of the translators above, who did not use the Vulgate, although they believed in the Trinity, translated the Greek word “logos” from its definition, not based on their doctrines. To them Yahweh’s word was not His Son but by His spoken word the Messiah was made flesh when Yahweh gave the word.
How did this belief that God’s “word” was a separate individual creep into the Roman church and thus get passed on to us?
A Greek philosopher named Heraclitus (600 B.C.E.) used the term Logos to designate the divine reason or plan which controls the universe, Stoicism (Greek school of philosophy) conceived it as a rational divine power that orders and directs the universe, it is identified with God. Philo of Alexandria (around 20 B.C.E.-45 C.E.) employed it to blend Jewish tradition and Platonism, as a mediating principle between God and the world and can be understood as God’s Word or the Divine Wisdom. Early Christian theologians developed the conception of Messiah as the Logos in explicitly Platonic terms. (Microsoft (R) Encarta)
God’s word was made whatever He commanded it to be. God’s word was made light, God’s word was made grass, God’s word was made sun and moon and finally God’s word was made flesh. Yahshua was not Yahweh or Yahweh’s word or with Yahweh when Yahweh created the universe, Yahshua was begotten through Mary by Yahweh’s word, as was everything else. Yes indeed, in Ps 2:7 Yahweh declared, spoke, or commanded the decree, statute, ordinance, or law for His Son to be “Made of a woman, made under the law” (Ga 4:4). Yahweh spoke the word and the Holy Spirit came upon Mary and the power of the Highest overshadowed her (Lu 1:35).
I see “the word” as being the voice or commands of Yahweh because of these verses [Gen 1:3, 6, 9, 11, 14, 20, 24,26; Isa 55:5; Ps 33:6 & 9, 148:5; Ro 4:17; Heb 11:3] The Bible only teaches that “the word” means Yahweh’s voice and this verse also.
Ps 2:7 I will declare the decree: Yahweh hath said unto me, Thou art my Son; this day have I begotten thee.
Yahweh announces or issues an order or statute that Yahshua is to be His Son.
Jer 10:12 He hath made the earth by his power, he hath established the world by his wisdom, and hath stretched out the heavens by his discretion.13 When he uttereth his voice, there is a multitude of waters in the heavens, and he causeth the vapours to ascend from the ends of the earth.
The scriptures tell us “wisdom” created the world (Pr 3:19, Ps 104:24, 136:5). Is wisdom a person? But it also tells us “knowledge” made the world (Pr 3:20), it tells us “understanding” created the world (Pr 3:19, Jer 51:15), it tells us “power” made everything (Jer 32:17, 51:15), and of course “the word of Yahweh” created everything (Ps 33:6.)
All these things (notice I say things) were employed by Yahweh to create. I ask, is the word a person anymore than wisdom, knowledge, understanding or power?
The most difficult verse is John 1:14
KJV And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us.
RSV And the Word became flesh and dwelt among us.
NIV The Word became flesh and made his dwelling among us.
EGNT And the Word flesh became and tabernacled among us.
As you can see the RSV, EGNT and NIV say, “became,” as if to say the word turned into or changed into flesh. But this exact same Greek word ginomai (#1096) is used in verse 3. “All things were made (ginomai) by him; and without him was not any thing made (ginomai) that was made (ginomai).” If they want ginomai to mean created, or to bring into existence, they should be consistent. They can’t pretend ginomai means “created” in verse 3 and then decide it means “turned into” in verse 14.
The KJV has, “was made flesh,” but there is no Greek word for “was” it was added by the translators, so it could very well read, “The word made flesh.”
When John uses “flesh” he means human being, in this case Yahshua. Could we say then that the word turned into Yahshua anymore than in verse 3 we could say, “All things turned into by him and without him was not any thing turned into that was turned into. “Made” or “created” make sense here when ginomai is used, but not “turned into” or “became.”
Knowing no Greek word for “was” is in the original manuscripts we get: “The word made flesh” or “The word created flesh.”
I came across two other verses when studying about “the word.” In Jn 1:14 the Greek word ginomai is translated “was made” as it is in Ro 1:3, but it is simply translated “made” in Ga 4:4.
Ro 1:3 Concerning his Son Yahshua Messiah our Master, which was made (ginomai) of the seed of David according to the flesh.
Ga 4:4 But when the fulness of the time was come, God sent forth his Son, made (ginomai) of a woman, made (ginomai) under the law.
I did a word search for “the word of Yahweh” and found some interesting verses in the OT.
Ex 8:31 Yahweh did according to the word of Moses; and he removed the swarms of flies from Pharaoh, from his servants, and from his people; there remained not one.
Here it is the word of Moses, which is easy to see means what Moses said, what came out of his mouth.
Ex 9:20 He that feared the word of Yahweh among the servants of Pharaoh made his servants and his cattle flee into the houses: 21 And he that regarded not the word of Yahweh left his servants and his cattle in the field.
The Egyptians would not have heard Yahweh’s words themselves but most likely by means of it being passed down to them by the Pharaoh’s officials. This would indicate the word of Yahweh was just that, His instructions.
Nu 3:16 Moses numbered them according to the word of Yahweh, as he was commanded.
The word “commanded” following the phrase “the word of Yahweh,” gives further evidence the word of Yahweh is commandments or instructions.
1Sa 15:10 Then came the word of Yahweh unto Samuel, saying.
This is what you read dozens of times in the Bible, Then came the word of Yahweh unto so-and-so, saying. Saying, spoke, commanded, heard, breathed, and voice all show “the word” is what Yahweh says.
“The word of Yahweh” and “the voice of Yahweh” are one and the same thing. Here are a few of the many verses that have “the voice of Yahweh” instead of “the word of Yahweh.”
Ex 5:2 Pharaoh said, Who is Yahweh, that I should obey his voice to let Israel go? I know not Yahweh, neither will I let Israel go.
Ex 15:26 (Moses) said, If thou wilt diligently hearken to the voice of Yahweh thy God, and wilt do that which is right in his sight, and wilt give ear to his commandments, and keep all his statutes, I will put none of these diseases upon thee.
De 4:12 Yahweh spake unto you out of the midst of the fire: ye heard the voice of the words, but saw no similitude; only ye heard a voice.
De 9:23 Ye rebelled against the commandment of Yahweh your God, and ye believed him not, nor hearkened to his voice.
Ps 29:4 The voice of Yahweh is powerful; the voice of Yahweh is full of majesty.
Ps 29:9 The voice of Yahweh maketh the hinds to calve, and discovereth the forests.
Ps 103:20 Bless Yahweh, ye his angels, that excel in strength, that do his commandments, hearkening unto the voice of his word.
Isa 30:31 For through the voice of Yahweh shall the Assyrian be beaten down, which smote with a rod.
Yahweh’s word was spoken by Him and of course heard by others.
2Ki 7:1 Then Elisha said, Hear ye the word of Yahweh; Thus saith Yahweh.
Jer 9:20 Yet hear the word of Yahweh, O ye women, and let your ear receive the word of his mouth.
Jer 10:1 Hear ye the word which Yahweh speaketh unto you, O house of Israel.
“Logos” spoken and heard in the New Testament.
Heb 12:19 The sound of a trumpet, and the voice of words (rhema); which voice they (Israelites at Sinai) that heard intreated that the word (logos) should not be spoken to them any more: 20 (For they could not endure that which was commanded.
We don’t even stop and look at the meaning of the word “word” just because we have been told all our lives that John was telling us the word was the Son. But that doesn’t made it right.
Ps 2:7 I will declare the decree: Yahweh hath said unto me, Thou art my Son; this day have I begotten thee.
When Yahweh uttered those words with His voice The words were made flesh and dwelt among us.
Rhema and Logos Made All Things
In the NT “word” is translated from two Greek words. Logos we are familiar with, the second Greek word is rhema.
#4487 rhema [from #4483 rheo, speak, say, utter] KJV-word 56, saying 9, thing 3, no thing + 3756 1, not tr 1, total 70. Definition: that which is or has been uttered by the living voice, thing spoken, word, any sound produced by the voice and having definite meaning, speech, discourse, an utterance.
Logos can mean anything from an utterance to a thought but rhema is primary the noise you make with your voice. Unlike logos, rhema has never been personified, either as the Son or any other member of the Godhead.
Heb 11:3 Through faith we understand that the worlds were framed (created RSV) by the word (rhema) of God, so that things which are seen were not made of things which do appear.
In John 1:3 it says logos made all things but here in Heb 11:3 we are told rhema did. The simple explanation is that Yahweh spoke words out loud and creation unfolded. Yahweh commanded all things to be and all things were.
Yahshua’s 4 Names
Rev 19:11 And I saw heaven opened, and behold a white horse; and he that sat upon him was called Faithful and True, and in righteousness he doth judge and make war.12 His eyes were as a flame of fire, and on his head were many crowns; and he had a name written, that no man knew, but he himself. 13 And he was clothed with a vesture dipped in blood: and his name is called The Word (logos) of God. 14 And the armies which were in heaven followed him upon white horses, clothed in fine linen, white and clean. 15 And out of his mouth goeth a sharp sword, that with it he should smite the nations: and he shall rule them with a rod of iron: and he treadeth the winepress of the fierceness and wrath of Almighty God. 16 And he hath on his vesture and on his thigh a name written, KING OF KINGS, AND LORD OF LORDS.
In this passage Yahshua is pictured as ready to “Judge and make war.” Four names are attributed to him in this passage alone. 1) Faithful and True 2) Name only he knew 3) The Word of God 4) King of kings and Lord of lords. Let’s look carefully at this passage (keeping in mind the context) as Yahshua and his armies swoop down to make war, and see how the name, “The Word of God,” applies to him in this framework
Lu 8:11 (Yahshua) “Now the parable is this: The seed is the word of God.”
Yahshua had just told the disciples, “Unto you it is given to know the mysteries of the kingdom of God: but to others in parables.” In verse 11 he begins to explain the parable by telling them what the seed really was. The word of God can be a seed planted in us for growth unto truth and righteousness (Ro 10:13-17).
Eph 6:17 The sword of the Spirit, which is the word of God.
Here Paul tells us to, “Put on the whole armour of God” (vs. 11), using the word of God as a weapon to defend the faith and enable us to stand against the enemy.
Heb 4:12 For the word of God is quick, and powerful, and sharper than any twoedged sword, piercing even to the dividing asunder of soul and spirit, and of the joints and marrow, and is a discerner of the thoughts and intents of the heart.
Re 2:16 Repent; or else I will come unto thee quickly, and will fight against them with the sword of my mouth.
The Word of God can also be a sword that judges, chastens and fights against us.
Re 1:16 And he had in his right hand seven stars: and out of his mouth went a sharp twoedged sword: and his countenance was as the sun shineth in his strength.
Re 2:12 And to the angel of the church in Pergamos write; These things saith he which hath the sharp sword with two edges;
The word of God is likened onto a sword that is wielded by Yahshua.
Ho 6:5 I have slain them by the words of my mouth.
2Th 2:8 Then shall that Wicked (one) be revealed, whom the Master shall consume with the spirit of his mouth.
So the word of God is the chosen weapon given to Yahshua to fight against the armies gathered against him. (Rev 19:19). His “vesture dipped in blood,” is covered with the blood of his enemies as described in Isa 63:1-5.
If the “Word” can be a seed or a sword, can it also be a person? Did Yahshua exist before Bethlehem as Yahweh’s “Word?” Since it says his name is the Word of God do we take this literally or does it mean he speaks on behalf of Yahweh?
Jn 3:34 For he whom God hath sent speaketh the words of God.
Jn 7:16 Yahshua answered them, and said, My doctrine is not mine, but his that sent me.
Jn 8:28 I do nothing of myself; but as my Father hath taught me, I speak these things.
Jn 12:49 For I have not spoken of myself; but the Father which sent me, he gave me a commandment, what I should say, and what I should speak.
Heb 1:1 God, who at sundry times and in divers manners spake in time past unto the fathers by the prophets, 2 Hath in these last days spoken unto us by his Son.
It is very apparent that Yahshua could carry the name “Word of God,” because, like he said, he “Speaketh the words of God.” Hebrews tells us he didn’t speak for Yahweh before Bethlehem, the prophets did that, but “in these last days” Yahweh spoke His words to us through His son.
Yahshua has quite a few names that demonstrate his mission, and his accomplishments represent what he stands for.
Lilly of the Valley ~ SS 2:1
Bright and Morning Star ~ Rev 22:16
Lamb ~ Jn 1:19, Rev 17:14
Yahweh Our Righteousness ~ Jer 23:6 (Yahweh uses His Son to make us righteous, Isa 45:25 & 54:17, Ro 3:22, 1Co 1:30, 2Co 5:21, Phy 3:9).
The Branch ~ Zec 3:8 & 6:12
Cornerstone ~ Ps 118:22, Isa 28:16, Ac 4:11, Ep 2:20, 1Pe 2:6 (Yahweh lays the cornerstone Himself)
Bread ~ Jn 6:35
Shepherd ~ Heb 13:20, 1Pe 2:25 & 5:4
Door ~ Jn 10:7
If we insist Yahshua is literally the “Word” because his name is called “The Word of God,” do we also maintain he is literally a flower, a star, an animal, a branch, a stone, bread or a door? We can clearly see these names represent a part of what he is doing or has done, not what he actually is. The same applies to “the word.”
Nowhere in the Bible does it categorically say, “Yahshua is the word of God.” But it does categorically say the seed and the sword are the word of God. Even so, because we previously haven’t been indoctrinated with such a belief and the fact seeds and swords are objects, we are able to understand they are not in actuality the word of God. We know the scriptures are speaking of the spoken or written word of God, and the seed, sword or whatever else point to how God’s words are acted upon and what they accomplish.
I believe the truth is out there waiting for us if we apply the correct definitions to words like logos and rhema and keep in mind the surrounding context. I think we’ll made more headway if we allow the “word” to speak for itself rather than having it say what we already believe.
Incarnate or Manifest?
Webster’s Dictionary: INCARNATE, endowment with a human body; in taking on of human form and nature by Jesus as the Son of God; any person or thing serving as the embodiment of a god or spirit. Webster’s defines: MANIFEST, to make clear or evident; to prove; be evidence of, or simply to “show openly”.
The Greek word used in the New Testament is Strong’s #5319 fanerow; KJV – make manifest 19, appear 12, manifest 9, show 3, be manifest 2, show (one’s) self 2, manifestly declare 1, manifest forth 1; total 49; Definition: to make manifest or visible or known what has been hidden or unknown, whether by words, or deeds, or in any other way.
The words incarnation or incarnate are not in the Bible. “Great is the mystery of godliness: Who* (or which, RSV, NIV, ASV, BBE, NASV all use He) was manifest in the flesh, justified in the Spirit, seen of angels, preached unto the Gentiles, believed on in the world, received up into glory” (1Ti. 3:16).
*The word “God” is not in the original Greek (See footnotes in the RSV, NASB, JB, SNB and the ED, even Trinitarians like A. T. Robertson and Adam Clarke agree, as well as the writings of the church Fathers). Look below to see how the Son manifested (made visible) the Father.
Jn 14:9 He that hath seen me hath seen the Father; and how sayest thou then, Shew us the Father? 10 Believest thou not that I am in the Father, and the Father in me? the words that I speak unto you I speak not of myself: but the Father that dwelleth in me, he doeth the works.
Jn 15:24 But now have they (the world) both seen and hated both me and my Father.
Jn 17:6 I have manifested thy name unto the men which thou gavest me out of the world.
2Co 4:4 Messiah, who is the image of God.
2Co 4:6 For God… hath shined in our hearts, to give the light of the knowledge of the glory of God in the face of Yahshua Messiah.
Heb 1:3 Who (the Son vs. 2) being the brightness of his (God vs. 1) glory, and the express image of his person.
1Pe 1:20 Who (Messiah vs. 19) verily was foreordained before the foundation of the world, but was manifest in these last times for you.
1Jn 5:20 We know that the Son of God is come, and hath given us an understanding, that we may know him that is true.
Jn 16:25 The time cometh, when I shall no more speak unto you in proverbs, but I shall shew you plainly of the Father.
The Father and the Son consists of two individuals, two witnesses just as the law requires. The Father is one, the Son is the other.
Jn 8:17-18 It is also written in your law, that the testimony of two men is true. I am one that bear witness of myself, and the Father that sent me beareth witness of me.
Yahshua was not the INCARNATION of God, but the MANIFESTATION of God. The Father was “made manifest or visible or known” through His Son. That was part of his mission, to reveal, show, make known, and declare the Father.
Mind, Will, Soul and Spirit
The Son had a MIND of his own, separate from the Father’s.
1Co 2:16 For who hath known the mind of Yahweh, that he may instruct him? But we have the mind of Messiah.
Php 2:5 Let this mind be in you, which was also in Messiah Yahshua.
As well he had his own WILL.
Mr 14:36 And he said, Abba, Father, all things are possible unto thee; take away this cup from me: nevertheless not what I will, but what thou wilt.
Jn 5:30 I seek not mine own will, but the will of the Father which hath sent me.
And his own SOUL.
Mt 26:38 My soul is exceeding sorrowful, even unto death: tarry ye here, and watch with me.
Jn 12:27 Now is my soul troubled; and what shall I say?
The Son had a SPIRIT that was not the Father’s.
Mr 2:8 And immediately when Yahshua perceived in HIS spirit that they so reasoned within themselves, he said unto them, Why reason ye these things in your hearts?
Mr 8:12 And he sighed deeply in HIS spirit, and saith, Why doth this generation seek after a sign?
Lu 1:80 And the child grew, and waxed strong in spirit.
Lu 2:40 And the child grew, and waxed strong in spirit, filled with wisdom: and the grace of God was upon him.
Lu 23:46 And when Yahshua had cried with a loud voice, he said, Father, into thy hands I commend MY spirit:
If Yahweh created only a body, an empty body, and then incarnated Himself into it, who would that body be? Of course it would be Yahweh and have Yahweh’s mind, will, soul and spirit. Now the scriptures tell us the body that hung on the tree at Calvary did not have Yahweh’s mind, will, soul, or spirit, however the person on the tree did have Yahweh’s spirit dwelling him. Instead the Bible insists the body at Calvary had the mind, will, soul and spirit of a man named Yahshua. If we want to believe in the “Incarnation” we will have to admit the body on the tree had two minds, two wills, two souls and two spirits, one each from Yahweh and one each from Yahshua.
The Son Reveals the Father
The only place you will find Yahweh is in Messiah, for the fullness of the Godhead is in Him! The glory of the Father comes shining through only in His Son! The image and glory of the invisible God that no man has seen was fully manifested (shown, made known) through His Son! The man Yahshua is the person (physical presence, outward appearance) of God! There are NO PERSONS in the Godhead! There is One God, the Father (1Co. 8:6), who is an invisible Spirit that fills ALL things! And Yahshua is the man, the Son of the Living God whom Yahweh dwelleth in fully.
Jn 1:18 No man hath seen God at any time; the only begotten Son, which is in the bosom of the Father, he hath declared him.
Jn 15:15 All things that I have heard of my Father I have made known unto you.
Lu 10:22 All things are delivered to me of my Father: and no man knoweth who the Son is, but the Father; and who the Father is, but the Son, and he to whom the Son will reveal him.
1Jn 5:20 We know that the Son of God is come, and hath given us an understanding, that we may know him (the Father) that is true, and we are in him that is true, even in his Son Yahshua Messiah.
1Jn. 1:1 That which was from the beginning*, which we have heard, which we have seen with our eyes, which we have looked upon, and our hands have handled, of the Word of life; 2 (For the life was manifested, and we have seen it, and bear witness, and shew unto you that eternal life, which was with the Father, and was manifested unto us;) *[“from the beginning” #746, John uses this phrase many times usually to imply from the beginning of the assembly or Yahshua’s ministry as in Jn. 15:27; 1Jn. 2:7, 13, 14, 24, 3:11; 2Jn. 1:5&6] And ye also shall bear witness, because ye have been with me from the beginning.
Yahweh was revealed, declared, made known, seen, understood and thus He was manifested through His Son.
Reflection and Imprint
Heb 1:3 Who being the brightness (apaugasma) of his glory, and the express image (charakter) of his person (hupostasis), and upholding all things by the word (rhema) of his power.
#541 apaugasma, KJV-brightness 1; total 1. Definition: reflected brightness.
#5481 charakter; KJV-express image 1; total 1. Definition: the instrument used for engraving or carving, the mark stamped upon that instrument or wrought out on it [as on a coin or seal, (Vine)], a mark or figure burned in or stamped on, an impression.
#5287 hupostasis; KJV-confidence 2, confident 1, person 1, substance 1; total 5. Definition: Literally a standing under (hupo- under, stasis- a standing, substructure, foundation, a substance, real being, firmness, steadfastness, courage, resolution, confidence.
#4487 rhema [from #4483 rheo, speak, say, utter] KJV-word 56, saying 9, thing 3, no thing + 3756 1, not tr 1; total 70. Definition: that which is or has been uttered by the living voice, thing spoken, word, any sound produced by the voice and having definite meaning, speech, discourse, an utterance.
Yahshua reflects the brightness of Yahweh’s glory, something like the moon reflects the sun. Like Paul says in Corinthians, “For God (Yahweh), who commanded the light to shine out of darkness, hath shined in our hearts, to give the light of the knowledge of the glory of God in the face of Yahshua Messiah” (2Co 4:6). Yahshua does not have his own source of glory, just as the moon doesn’t have its own source of light. Yahshua is not Almighty God but passes on God’s glory and brightness perfectly.
This Greek word charakter, is where our English words character and characteristic come from. It is not as much an image as an imprint that shows all the characteristics of the original. Yahshua displayed the hupostasis of Yahweh, which is the confidence, resolve and foundation of Yahweh. Maybe this is why the people were so amazed and dumbfounded by his incredible authority and power as mentioned in the Gospels.
Heb 1:3 could read: The Son, who being the reflected brightness of Yahweh’s glory, and the imprint of Yahweh’s confidence and upholding all things by the voice of Yahweh’s power.
We are in the image of Yahweh and of course Yahshua is also in the image of Yahweh.
2Co 4:4 Lest the light of the glorious gospel of Messiah, who is the image (eikon) of God, should shine unto them.
Col 1:15 Who is the image (eikon) of the invisible God, the firstborn of every creature.
1Co 11:7 For a man indeed ought not to cover his head, forasmuch as he is the image (eikon) and glory of God.
#1504 eikon; KJV-image 23; total 23. Definition: an image, figure, likeness.
NIV Heb 1:3 The Son is the radiance of God’s glory and the exact representation of his being.
RSV Heb 1:3 He reflects the glory of God and bears the very stamp of his nature.
Although we are the image of Yahweh He did not use any of us to reflect and display His perfect glory and characteristics but reserved this duty for His Son. Yahshua the Son manifested Yahweh the Father.